Introduction: The Road Goes Ever On
There’s an aspect of this J.R.R. Tolkien quote in just about anything I do, which is one of the reasons I am attracted to Christianity in the first place. There’s no way for me to separate the idea of a journey from the way I look at discipleship, that is, following Christ. And I like to take things as they come, not decide in advance what value I’ll be getting from an experience.
But sermon writing takes this “journey” idea to a whole new level. Anytime I embark on the writing of a sermon, it’s like climbing into my car in San Diego with the intention of driving to Denver. Sometimes I have a roadmap, sometimes I don’t. But no matter what my intentions might be or what resources I might have, I almost always end up taking a few side trips along the way. Sometimes I head in the direction of Denver, don’t make it beyond Vegas. Or sometimes I get thrown immediately off-course from the start, and find myself in Baja. But no matter where I end up going, through prayer and research and meditation, I see some pretty interesting sights (at least they’re interesting to me). In this way, preaching is like showing you a slide show from my last vacation.
Today, however, I’m not even going to pretend like I have a destination in mind. I’m just going to climb in the car and see where it takes me.
I. Blame It on Calvin
Part of the passage includes these words:
Whatever gains I had, these I have come to regard as loss because of Christ. More than that, I regard everything as loss because of the surpassing value of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord. For his sake I have suffered the loss of all things, and I regard them as rubbish, in order that I may gain Christ and be found in him [Philip. 3:7-9a].
Here Paul talks about being found in Christ. Now, taken out of context, this seems like quite a matter-of-fact statement. Quite the opposite of a journey, it implies something static. Right now, for example, if somebody where to ask us where they might find us, we’d tell them that we can be found in La Jolla. Tonight, I will be found in UTC, and you will probably be found someplace else. It’s just a plain old passive use of the verb to find [εὑρίσκω].
But Calvin had a beautiful way of reminding us not only of that verb’s context, but of its intended meaning. Believe it or not, the Greek word in question is one that’s actually very familiar to us. It’s a different from of the same Greek verb that we see on California’s state seal: (εὑρηκα) Eureka! The form of the verb Paul uses here is εὑρεθῶ.
So here’s what Calvin had to say that caused me to let go of the plans for my journey just as I was climbing into my sermon-writing car:
The verb is in the passive voice, and that’s how everybody else has rendered it: be found in him. But they pass over the context in a very indifferent manner, as though it had no peculiar force. If you read it in the passive voice, something very different should be understood—namely, that Paul was lost before he was found in Christ. Think of a rich merchant on a sinking ship. As long as his vessel is laden with riches, he’s as good as lost. But once he’s thrown them overboard, he’s found—not just in the literal sense, but also the spiritual sense; for he had to reprioritize and decide that life was worth more than riches. In other words, he’d have been lost if he hadn’t been lost. But because he was lost he was found. The verb is still passive, for he was found by others alive in the ship. But if he hadn’t gotten rid of that which was not life, he would never have been found by anyone [paraphrase of Calvin’s commentary on Philip. 3:9].
This is what Paul is talking about: He rid himself of that which was not life—a dead adherence to the letter of the law—and found that he could gain Christ and thus be found alive in him. One version of the Bible [the New Living Translation] that I normally like interprets this phrase rather than translates it: so that I could gain Christ and become one with him.
II. Mary Gets Found
We don’t know a whole lot about Martha and Mary, but of all the characters in the gospels, they are among the most true to form. In their own ways, they both defy social norms. Martha appears to be a female head of household in a time and place where women were not heads of household. Other women depended on their closest male relative—husband, father, son—for their rights and their welfare. But Martha is never mentioned as being dependent on any male relative. She appears to own her own home, and entertains the Anointed of God in it.
Just as true to herself and just as non-conforming is her sister Mary. Mary appears to be the younger sister, but she’s not all that interested in following in her sister’s very responsible footsteps. When Martha is working hard in the kitchen and serving Jesus at table, Mary seems always to be at his feet, learning all she can from him.
In another very famous story (and, God willing, we’ll hear a sermon on that on July 17), Jesus is in Martha’s home and Martha complains to him that her sister isn’t helping out in the kitchen. Jesus answered her, “Dear Martha, you’re preoccupied with many things; but there is need of only one. Mary’s made the best choice—she’s chosen something that can’t be taken away from her” [paraphrase of Luke 10:41-43].
In this morning’s passage from a different gospel, we find a similar situation: Martha serving and Lazarus sitting with Jesus at the table. Once again Mary’s at Jesus’ feet. In the other story, Mary is doing something a woman shouldn’t do: learning at the feet of a master when there’s work to be done in the kitchen. Today she’s doing something absolutely scandalous: She’s let her hair down and she’s anointing Jesus’ feet with a substance she’d spent a lot of money on, and she’s drying his feet with her hair.
I think we’re tempted to think that it was a different culture and that that’s just the way things were done back then. But no, what Mary did at Jesus’ feet was no less scandalous when it happened than it would be now. Mary had thrown away all that was not life in order to be found in Jesus. And here we see her express that found-ness in the most profound way anybody expresses it in the whole Bible.
III. Extravagant Worship
The story of the anointing at Bethany as John tells it isn’t a story about Mary at all, of course. It’s a story about Jesus and his journey—a journey that appears to be ending in the very near future. And so Mary rid herself of what she didn’t need—money—in order to be found where she needed to be—saying with her actions and her treasure, “How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of the One who declares peace, who brings good news, who announces salvation, who says to Zion, ‘Your God reigns!’” [Isa. 52:7]
What would it have been like to kneel at the feet of the very Person who brought all that into your life—who brought life into your life—and anoint him for his death? How did she know he was going to die?
John doesn’t talk much about that. But he does talk about the treasure Mary spent to buy that perfume: Judas asked why she wasted all that money to buy perfume when it could’ve been used to help the poor. Even though he wasn’t sincere in his question, Jesus’ answer still haunts the church: “The poor you’ll always have with you, but you won’t always have me.”
It sounds to our ears like Jesus is saying it’s okay not to care about the needy. Except his words and actions—his whole life up to this point—say otherwise. He’s actually stating a simple fact: To be found in me is more than just losing yourself in working in my Name in the world; it’s also finding strength in worship. No act of true worship—no matter how extravagant—has ever done anything to hurt others or discourage God’s people from helping them. In fact, worship is what strengthens the children of God to do God’s work in the world. Far from discouraging outreach to the poor, Jesus is here saying that helping them in God’s Name will always be a part of who his followers are, both before that moment in Bethany and after, until the end of the age.
Conclusion: Who Are You?
Instead of engaging in debate about what Jesus meant when he said, “The poor you’ll always have with you,” Christians should look at this passage from John and ask ourselves where we are in this scene.
- Are we Martha, so busy working for Jesus that we are unable to enjoy his company?
- Are we Lazarus, one who has been given a new lease on life, but who just remains in the pew?
- Are we Judas, one who has learned to manipulate the faith he professes to his own advantage?
- Or are we Mary, one who, like Paul, counts everything else as lost—time, treasure, reputation—in order to be found in Christ?
I don’t know where it originated, but there’s a popular saying these days: Nobody’s ever said on their deathbed, ‘I wish I’d spent more time in the office.’ And if that’s true, then I think none of us, when we think about the people we miss the most, would ever say of our relationship with them, ‘I wish I’d spent more time waiting on them.’ John’s account of Mary’s extravagant offering to Jesus, and Jesus’ extravagant acceptance of it, is so vivid that the fragrance that filled that room in Martha’s house in Bethany still lingers in our sanctuary this morning. It adds something to every prayer we pray and every hymn we sing.
There’s a time and a place to work in the kitchen like Martha, or to sit in the pew like Lazarus. There may even be a time to be shrewd like Judas (though I hope that’s last on our list). But the best example of what it means to follow Jesus is Mary, whose richest gain she counts but loss, who pours contempt on all her pride, and is found once again at Jesus’ feet.
—©2016 Sam L. Greening, Jr.
* J.R.R. Tolkien, The Fellowship of the Ring (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1965), p. 83.