February 28, 2016

Out of the Frying Pan...

Unless you repent, you will all perish as they did.  —Luke 13:3 
IA. Bad Things, Good People, OT

We’ve all heard the question, Why do bad things happen to good people? If we don’t ask it ourselves, we certainly hear it from others. Many people who think they’ve come up with the correct answer to that question seem to think that they’re the first person who’s ever given it much thought. But the reality is that it’s one of the major themes of the Bible. And though the Bible doesn’t speak with one voice on this issue, it does lean in one direction—and the answer it gives is not the easy answer.

If we look for the answer in the Bible, one of the things we’ll see is that obedience to God’s law is rewarded with material blessings or good health. The flipside of that, naturally, is that disobedience is punished. There’s even a class of psalms called imprecatory psalms that call upon God to come down hard on sinners. I think this way of thinking is summed up in the 58th Psalm which calls on God to do horrible things to to evil people. The last verse tries to reason with God, saying, if you do these things, then “people will say, ‘Surely there’s a reward for the righteous; surely there is a God who judges on earth.’”

But there’s another voice that says something very different. One of the main places you’ll hear this voice is in the Book of Job—a section of the Bible that deals almost exclusively with the question, Why did bad things happen to this good person? And the answer is hardly satisfying. Job and his friends all try their hands at answering the question, and all of them are wrong. God’s answer is simply that God is sovereign and that God is wise. No offense, Bible, but I could’ve come up with that one. I was really hoping for something a bit more satisfying.

February 21, 2016

From Dust to Stardust

Kittyhawk Squadron, Milne Bay, by William Dargie
An Australian I’d never heard of recently took a vacation to Papua New Guinea—a country just a few miles off the northern tip of his home state of Queensland. One of the places he wanted to see was Milne Bay, the site of the 1942 battle in which his grandfather had fought. Most Americans haven’t heard of the Battle of Milne Bay, but it was the first time the Japanese were defeated on land; and Australians believe that if the Allies hadn’t won that one, an invasion of their own country was next. Therefore it was mostly Australians who fought for the Allies in Milne Bay, but there were also two American battalions alongside them. Though I didn’t know it until just a couple of weeks ago, my dad’s Uncle Fred was in one of those battalions.

Fred was much beloved by the family, and my mother remembers him as one of the nicest people she knew—so maybe it should be no surprise that he was not cut out for the ravages of war. When he returned home, he, like a couple of other great-uncles on my mother’s side who’d fought in World War 2, succumbed to the disease of alcoholism. His body died suddenly on the street when I was just a toddler, and I think his memory was set to die with the generation that preceded me.

That is, until this kind Australian stranger took a cruise to Milne Bay. And there, buried in the sand of a beach on Kiriwina Island, he found something made of metal. Digging it up, he saw that it was a military dog tag. After cleaning as much of it as he could, he was able to read what was written on it: the name Fred R. White.

February 19, 2016

My Dad's Uncle Fred's Dog Tag

This belonged to my father's mother's younger brother, Fred White. Buried in the sand for more than 70 years, it was found by an Australian on a beach on Kiriwina Island in Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea. He researched until he found a relative to send it to. It was lost in 1942—the only year the U.S. military printed names & addresses of next-of-kin on dog tags. Fred survived the war, but no unscathed.
(see full image)

Sent from my iPhone

February 18, 2016

Views from my balcony in Bogotá

I lived in Colombia the better part of two years (1997-98). This apartment was located in Chapinero on Calle 68 where Carrera 4A begins.

February 14, 2016

Bear Necessities

I belong to that generation of people who, as young children, first encountered the phrase The Bare Necessities in a song from the movie The Jungle Book. Unfortunately, the song was sung by a bear.[1] And so people around my age think of bare necessities not so much as the least a person needs to get by, but as the things a bear might need to find contentment in a music-filled life in the forest.

But this is the English language we’re talking about here, and so the confusion about spelling can be taken—without even trying very hard—to even greater extremes... some would say, to extremes of biblical proportions. And here, of course, I’m thinking of Saint Paul’s words to the Corinthians on the subject of love: it bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.[2]

The kind of love in 1 Corinthians 13 is special. It’s not romantic love or the love of equals, but divine love—or at least that’s how Christians have come to interpret that special word ἀγάπη. I know some of you grew up with the old Authorized (or “King James”) Version of the Bible, and in that translation, Paul doesn’t talk about love in the Love Chapter, but charity. You’ve heard me mention this before, but the Bible the Pilgrims had in their hands when they landed at Plymouth Rock wasn’t the relatively new version authorized by King James, but the older Geneva Bible, which they felt was a better translation. And maybe they were right. For example, 1 Corinthians 13 in the Geneva Bible is much easier for us to read because it calls love love, not charity.

I. Barely Concealed

There are probably a thousand sermon topics to be found in 1 Corinthians 13, but I want to focus on the seventh verse… specifically the first clause of that verse: Love bears all things. That is, bears all things, not love bares all things. In fact, the verb the Greek New Testament uses is essentially the opposite of bare. That verb is στέγω, and one of its meanings is cover. We see this in the weird word steganography, which refers to concealed messages; and also in the more familiar stegosaurus—a dinosaur whose fossils seemed to feature armored covering plates. But in the sense that Paul uses it, he’s saying that love bears up under all things, which is this verb’s most common meaning in the Bible.[3] If we think about being covered by something, then I think we can understand this meaning: If something is our covering, then it is something that we’re bearing.

And this is a beautiful thing to say about love. It’s no wonder that this passage is so often read at weddings. It’s both an assurance about love and an exhortation to love: An assurance, because it helps give us confidence in the power of love; and an exhortation, because it reminds us of one of the responsibilities of love.

II. The Power of Love

So let’s look at the phrase love bears all things from those two perspectives. First, love is strong. It holds up under all things. Physical weakness doesn’t weaken love. Sickness doesn’t diminish it. Poverty doesn’t rob it of its riches. Love bears all things.

But if we look at the other meaning of that verb in the Greek, I think we see an even more powerful side of love. Love covers all things, that is, it protects all things.[4] A wonderful example of this would be the protective covering of a parent over a child, even when (or especially when) the child goes the wrong way or makes a mistake. Love is like a shield over those who need protection.

And, as all parents know, the protected aren’t always appreciative of the protection they receive. True love can hold up under rejection, however; and it has the patience to wait.

One translation says (rather crassly) that Love puts up with all things.[5] While this is certainly a possible way of looking at it, I don’t think it’s the most loving way. If I love someone, I do more than put up with them. I can put up with many things for which I feel no love: dirt, sleet, cauliflower, and American League baseball, to name but a few. This is why we ask in a wedding ceremony if one person will love, comfort, honor, and keep the other. Not once in a wedding service is one party asked to put up with the other. That’s because love is both more beautiful and more powerful than that. God doesn’t just put up with us, but covers us with grace.

III. The Demands of Love

But as supportive as love is, it is also demanding. For we are not just God’s children, the recipients of God’s protective care. We are also those who are called upon to share that which we’ve received.

And so as Christians, we are called upon to love. Since God loved us so much, we also ought to love one another. So all those words that Paul uses to describe the power of love? They’re also the responsibilities of love. Freely we have received, freely we are asked to give.[6]

Sometimes—maybe most of the time—we take on love’s responsibilities gladly. But there are other times when it may seem like that whole “put up with” thing comes into play. We can handle most of the challenges of love—weakness and sickness, for example—but other challenges are more difficult. Betrayal comes to mind, and it can take many forms. And here we must remember that love bears up under all things. Or at least it’s supposed to.

There are times when love is enough. But sometimes it seems that it’s not. Though love can bear all things, there are times in our lives when love doesn’t overcome all things.

It’s not that love cannot. But we can’t find a way to make it work. We don’t have the wisdom… or maybe even the formula… to make it work.

Marriage is certainly one area where this happens. But it’s not the only one. It’s possible in any relationship, and it’s as likely to happen in the church as it is anywhere else. Maybe even a little more likely, since church is the place where we talk about this kind of love the most, and it’s the place where ἀγάπη love’s demands are felt most acutely.

Love requires forgiveness. But sometimes when forgiveness is demanded from someone who isn’t willing to live as part of the community, we don’t know how to bear that which we’re told has to be borne.

Conclusion: That Other Love Chapter

That’s when it’s important to remember that love isn’t just a concept, and it’s more than an emotion. It is God… or at least God is it. It wasn’t Paul, but John who said in his love chapter, So we have known and believe the love that God has for us. God is love, and those who abide in love abide in God, and God abides in them.[7]

This helps us to see the fullness of love, and the extent God was willing to go to to prove to us that love bears all things, or that love covers all things. God is love, and God can bear even those things that we cannot. Far from being an excuse for not being loving, the nature of God is both our example and our strength when we are faced with difficult situations.

Though we know about the power of love and the responsibilities of love, we are human. So we don’t necessarily have the wisdom to love with God’s love. Sometimes we might even have to admit that we are not God, and that Christ can carry a cross that is too heavy for us to bear.

So let’s not read Paul's love chapter and despair because the standards are too high, or the burden too hefty. God is love, and only God has all the fullness of God. I cannot love the unlovable on my own, but I can entrust them to God, and I can call on the church to help me, because we’re all in this together. God might be dimly seen in me or in you. But in us, God is truly visible. The demands of love might be impossible for you to meet on your own, and I know they’re impossible for me to meet on my own. But Christ has borne their weight, and the body of Christ—the church—can take on those responsibilities. And when we fail, God is love, God bears all things, God forgives us, and, by the grace of God, we can go back to the drawing board and try once again to illustrate the meaning of ἀγάπη, the meaning of love.
—©2016 Sam L. Greening, Jr.

[1] The Bare Necessities was written by Terry Gilkyson and released in 1967. It was sung in the movie by Phil Harris (Baloo the Bear) and Bruce Reitherman (Mowgli). Apparently in the 2016 version of The Jungle Book, the song will be included with Bill Murray singing it as Baloo.
[2] 1 Corinthians 13:7
[3] This verb is used four times in the New Testament (each time by Paul), and in every instance, the meaning is similar to 1 Corinthians 13:7. See 1 Corinthians 9:12; 1 Thessalonians 3:1 & 5.
[4] This is how Preben Vang chooses to translate it in the commentary on 1 Corinthians in the Teach the Text commentary series (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2014), p. 173.
[5] Common English Bible, New Testament published in 2010.
[6] See 1 John 4:11 and Matthew 10:8.
[7] 1 John 4:14. The words “God is love” also appear in verse 8. John 3:16 also refers to love as God’s method of self-revelation.

February 7, 2016

Invitation to Covenant Renewal

cov160207The transfiguration of Jesus is perhaps the most otherworldly story we have in the New Testament—in a way, even more so than the story of the resurrection. For after the resurrection, Jesus’ appearance was so unremarkable that even those who knew him best didn’t quite notice him. But the transfigured Christ was an awesome sight. His face shone. His clothes were (as Mark puts it) brighter than anybody on earth could possibly bleach them. And suddenly the lone man Jesus was accompanied by the Hebrew Bible’s lawgiver and its most esteemed prophet.

And so of all the stories about the life of Christ, it is the transfiguration that should be the most inaccessible, the most difficult to relate to.

Except that’s not the way it is at all. And that’s because there’s a context to the story that brings it “down to earth,” as it were—that places us right there, describing our reaction, and giving us something to think about.
First of all, we have Jesus asking the disciples who they think he is, and Peter says that they believe he’s the Anointed of God. Jesus affirms Peter’s confession and begins to teach the disciples what that means—namely, that ahead of him lies rejection and a cross.